The impact of situational context variables on responses to biodata and situational judgment inventory items
LAUREN J. RAMSAY , NEAL SCHMITT, FREDERICK L. OSWALD, BRIAN H. KIM & MICHAEL A. GILLESPIE
Biodata measures and situational judgment inventories (SJIs) have been shown to be useful supplements to traditional selection tests in a variety of employment and educational settings. However, scores on both measures may be systematically biased when applicants are motivated and know how to perform well on the tests. This study examines the independent and joint effects of motivation, coaching, and warning not to fake on scores on biodata and SJI measures. Generally, coaching and motivation improved scores on these measures, and warning statements did not decrease scores. Item characteristics including objectivity, controllability, verifiability, and relevance were all shown to be related to biodata scores, as was the requirement to provide written elaboration on multiple-choice item responses. Based on our findings, we offer practical advice regarding the use of biodata and SJIs.
Key words: biodata, situational judgment, inflation, faking, coaching, motivation, warning, item type, elaboration
Department of Psychology
Michigan State University
302 Psychology Building, East Lansing