G. Trommsdorff, W. Friedlmeier, H.-J. Kornadt (Eds.)
Japan in Transition
Comparative View on Social and
This volume presents sociological and psychological studies referring to social change in Japanese society. For a long time Japan’s economic achievement which has often been related to the traditional Japanese value system, has been seen as a possible model for Western societies. Presently, the ongoing economic problems shake this image, and several questions arise: Did the traditional values contribute to the present problems? What are these values and what functions did they have? What social consequences do the present economic problems have - e.g. affecting the life long employment system, the security etc - and to these phenomena change the basic value system of the society? Or will just the contrary occur: Is the traditional value system resistant and does it function as a stabilizing factor?
The studies presented in this volume deal with these questions from different aspects, discussing the value system, changes in the family, the education, the career system, etc. The usefulness of various perspectives becomes obvious: Some studies demonstrate the continuity of certain psychological and social factors that have contributed to the successful modernization of Japan, others indicate processes which may undermine the stability and the until now successful development of Japanese culture and society. By identifying these processes certain similarities with other "postmodern" societies like Germany are discussed.
G. Trommsdorff: Social and Psychological Aspects of Ongoing Changes in Japan: Introduction
S. Koyano: Dynamics of Japanese Values: No Drama and Tea Ceremony
H. Loiskandl: Truth, Beauty, Ethics: Notes on Japanese and European Frames of Appresentation
E. Unterweger: Psychology of Karate-Do
K. Kamiya: Society and Nature – Understanding the "Household (ie)" in the Japanese Society
K. Tominaga: A Sociological Analysis of the Modernization of Japan
H. Gross: Patterns of Japanese Thinking and Behavior in the Interpretation of Systems Theory
S. Ishitsuka: The Postmodern Situation in Present-Day Japanese Civil Society – Toward a Theoretical Synthesis in the Civil Society Discussion
M. Eswein: Social Change in Japan: Analysis of the Economic Subsystem and the Socio-Cultural Life-World
K.-U. Nennstiel: Changes in the Conceptions of National Development Planning and in the Consciousness of the Citizens of Japan
F. Fürstenberg: Career Start in Japan and its Social Control
U. Teichler: Recent Developments of Higher Education in Japan
E. K. Scheuch: A Comparative Study of Modernization in Germany and Japan
M. Kobayashi, T. Tokitsu, U. M. Schmidt, H. Namiki: A Cross-Cultural Study of Value Judgment Using Six Stories of Real Life
Y. Nakamura, A. Flammer: Control Orientations of Japanese and Swiss Adolescents – Do They Differ?
R. Seginer: Primary and Secondary Control in Interpersonal and Cultural Settings
G. Trommsdorff, Cecilia Ahomoi Essau: Japanese and German Adolescents’ Control Orientation: A Cross-Cultural Study
T. Takuma, Y. Amau: The Changing Relations between Twins in Japan
W. Friedlmeier, G. Trommsdorff: Japanese and German Mother-Child Interactions in Early Childhood
A. Erbe: Bringing Violence at Japanese Schools into Focus
H.-J. Kornadt, A.-C. Eisler: Psychological Indicators of Social Change in Japan and Germany
H.-J. Kornadt: Conclusions: Questions and Implications for Future Research on Social Change
1998, 284 pages, ISBN 3-933151-24-4, Price:30,- Euro
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